History of the Section

The ICCPR does not contain a provision that protects against arbitrary deprivation of property, although articles 2(1), 24(1) and 24 of the ICCPR prohibit discrimination on various grounds, including property. Section 20 also reflects part of the content of article 17 of the Universal Declaration on Human Rights.

Similar rights exist in comparative law. Refer to table below for further information.

Comparative rights table


Section 20 - Property rights

A person must not be deprived of his or her property other than in accordance with law.


No equivalent provision.

ACT: Human Rights Act 2004

No equivalent provision.

S Africa: Constitution of the republic of South Africa 1996 Chapter 2

Section 25(1).

UK: Human Rights Act 1998
The First Protocol, Article 1.
Canada: Canadian Charter of Rights and freedoms

No equivalent provision.

New Zealand: New Zealand Bill of Rights Act 1990

No equivalent provision.