Articles, Books and Report


1. Manfred Nowak, UN Covenant on Civil and Political Rights: CCPR Commentary (NP Engel, 1993), 186.

2. Human Rights Office (ACT), Human Rights Audit of Quamby Youth Detention Centre, 30 June 2005.

3. ACT Department of Justice and Community Safety Human Rights Act 2004, Twelve-Month Review, June 2006.

United Nations Human Rights Committee Jurisprudence

4. Cabal & Passini v. Australia, Human Rights Committee, Communication No. 1020/2001, UN Doc. CCPR/C/78/D/1020/2001
(19 September 2003).

5. Cabreira v. Uruguay, Human Rights Committee, Communication No. 105/1981, UN Doc. CCPR/C/19/D/105/1981 (21 July 1983).

6. Caldas v. Uruguay, Human Rights Committee, Communication No. 43/1979, UN Doc. CCPR/C/19/D/43/1979 (21 July 1983).

7. Espinoza de Polay v. Peru, Human Rights Committee, Communication No. 577/1994, UN Doc. CCPR/C/61/D/577/1994 (9 January 1998).

8. Francis v. Jamaica, Human Rights Committee, Communication No. 606/1994, UN Doc. CCPR/C/54/D/606/1994 (3 August 1995).

9. Madafferi v. Australia, Human Rights Committee, Communication No. 1011/2001, UN Doc. CCPR/C/81/D/101111/2001 (26 August 2004).

10. Matthews v. Trinidad and Tobago, Human
Rights Committee, Communication No. 569/1993, UN Doc. CCPR/C/62/D/569/1993 (29 May 1998).

11. Mpandanjila v. Zaire, Human Rights Committee, Communication No. 138/1983, UN Doc. CCPR/C/2727/D/13138/1983 (26 March 1986).

12. Nieto v. Uruguay, Human Rights Committee, Communication No. 92/1981, UN Doc. CCPR/C/19/D/92/1981 (25 July 1983).

13. Pinkney v. Canada, Human Rights Committee, Communication No. 277/1977, UN Doc. CCPR/C/14/D/27/1977 (29 October 1981).


Other Sources


14. UN Human Rights Committee, General Comment 9, Article 10 (Sixteenth session, 1982), Compilation of General Comments and General Recommendations Adopted by Human Rights Treaty Bodies, UN Doc. HRI/GEN/1/Rev.6 at 131 (2003).

15. UN Human Rights Committee, General Comment 21, Article 10 (Forty-fourth session, 1992), Compilation of General Comments and General Recommendations Adopted by Human Rights Treaty Bodies, UN Doc. HRI/GEN/1/Rev.6 at 153 (2003).

16. http://www.ohchr.org/english/law/index.htm. See documents under heading ‘Human Rights in the Administration of Justice: Protection of Persons Subjected to Detention or Imprisonment’..