• Section 25(3) applies to children who have been charged with a criminal offence.
  • Where possible, courts should be established specifically to try offences committed by children and the relevant laws and court processes should take account of the special needs and capacities of children.
  • Special procedures should be followed at all stages of a proceeding to take account of a child’s age and maturity.
  • Children should be supported by a parent or guardian or other support person at all stages of the proceeding.
  • Where there is a risk of psychological harm to the child due to publicity, hearings (including the trial) may need to be conducted in closed court.
  • Alternatives to imprisonment should be available and imprisonment should be a last resort.