The rights in these sections are qualified by section 27(4).


As with all of the human rights protected in the Charter, they may also be subject to reasonable limitations that can be demonstrably justified in a democratic society in accordance with s. 7 of the Charter. You should refer to Part 2 of these Charter Guidelines for further information on s. 7.

However, it may be more difficult than usual to justify imposing reasonable limitations on these rights as they are regarded as absolute rights in international human rights law. An absolute right is one that in international human rights law must be respected at all times and cannot be limited.